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The name Chicago may have come from a Miami Indian word for the wild leeks that grew on the bank of the short Chicago River. Over the centuries the Miami, Sauk, Fox and Potawatomi tribes all lived in the area.
The Marquette and Jolliet expedition crossed the Great Portage between the Chicago River and the Illinois10 miles of flat, often waterlogged ground separating the two great water transit systems of North America, the Great Lakes and the Mississippi Valley. In the U. Army built Fort Dearborn on the south bank of the Chicago River.
It was destroyed in an Indian raid in but rebuilt four years later. In platted lots for the future city were sold to help finance the Illinois and Michigan Canal.
Chicago was incorporated as a town in and as a city inwhen its population reached 4, In Chicago got its first telegraph and railroad. In Octobera fire destroyed one-third of Chicago and left more thanhomeless. Its initial spark remains unknown legends of Mrs.
The factories and railro were largely spared, and the city rebuilt with astonishing speed. In the late s Chicago grew as a national retail center and produced a crop of brand-name business tycoons, including Philip Armour, George Pullman, Potter Palmer and Marshall Field.
In Chicago gave the world its first skyscraper, the story Home Insurance Building. In declining wages at the Pullman Palace Car Company factory triggered a crippling national rail union boycott.
Poor neighborhoods were razed and replaced with massive public housing that solved few of the problems of poverty and violence. Riots in gave vent to anger following the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. The U.
Chicago remains a center of trade: Airports supplement the old rail and water transit hubs, and agricultural futures are traded electronically from the floor of its storied Mercantile Exchange.
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Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. The Chicago Seven originally eight were political radicals accused of conspiring to incite the riots that occurred at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago. Legend has it that a cow kicked over a lantern in a barn Except for Hawaii, Indiana Iowa was admitted to the union as the 29th state on Dec.
As a Midwestern state, Iowa forms a bridge between the forests of the east and the grasslands of the high prairie plains to the west. Its gently rolling landscape rises slowly as it extends westward from the Puerto Rico is a large Caribbean island of roughly 3, square miles located in the West Indies. After centuries of Granted statehood inWashington was named in honor of George Washington; it is the only U.
Boston, the largest city in New England, is located on a hilly peninsula in Massachusetts Bay. The region had been inhabited since at least B. Captain John Smith in explored the The first native New Yorkers were the Lenape, an Algonquin people who hunted, fished and farmed in the area between the Delaware and Hudson rivers.
Europeans began to explore the region at the beginning of the 16th century—among the first was Giovanni da Verrazzano, an Italian Live TV. This Day In History. History Vault.
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Chicago Seven Conspiracy Trial. Chicago Seven The Chicago Seven originally eight were political radicals accused of conspiring to incite the riots that occurred at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago. Iowa Iowa was admitted to the union as the 29th state on Dec. Washington Granted statehood inWashington was named in honor of George Washington; it is the only U.
Boston: A City Steeped in U. History Boston, the largest city in New England, is located on a hilly peninsula in Massachusetts Bay.