General Information. The Ector County Clerk is the local registrar of vital records for Ector County, including birth, death and marriage records. Issuance of birth certificates is restricted to qualified applicants for 75 years from the date of filing. Issuance of death certificates is restricted to qualified applicants for 25 years from the date of filing.
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Support the Handbook today. Odessa, the largest town and county seat of Ector County, is the chief shipping point for the surrounding livestock area as well as a center for the oil and gas industry. The warm dry climate and days of sunshine per year make it a haven for retirees from the colder climates. A local legend associates the town name with a Native American princess who wandered into the railroad camp of the Texas and Pacific Railroad.
Used as a water stop by the railroad, Odessa was more likely named by the railroad workers who thought the region resembled their home in Odessa, Ukraine. In C. Rathburn became the first postmaster of the newly established post office. The actual platting of Odessa took place in ; acres of the original townsite are now at the center of the city's downtown.
Odessa became the county seat when Ector County was formally organized in January In it incorporated as a city and elected its first mayor, S. Odessa was a sleepy little cowtown until the first producing oil well in the county was brought in on the W. Connell ranch, about sixteen miles southwest of Odessa, on December 28, Its limited production of twenty barrels a day did not bring about an immediate boom, but with the opening of Penn Field in and Cowden Field inOdessa became an established oil center and grew rapidly.
Injust prior to the discovery of oil, the population in Odessa was ; by it had risen to 5, As the demand for oil grew during World War II the population exceeded 10, and Odessa became the world's largest inland petrochemical complex. In the s and s the population rose to over 80, The Petrochemical Complex began operations in —58 as the nation's first privately financed, fully integrated plant for synthetic rubber manufacture.
The plant, a t venture of El Paso Natural Gas Company and General Tire and Rubber Company, was deed to use waste products from gas and oil production to make the rubber. From this beginning Odessa developed as a major distribution and processing point in the petrochemical industry.
The city's economy has long been subject to the boom and bust cycles of the oil patch linked to fluctuations in world demands for petroleum products. These cycles, normally in ten-year intervals, began in the s with the discovery of oil in the area.
Realizing that petroleum is a nonrenewable resource, Odessa's leadership has begun to look for other means of support for its economy. Efforts to aid Odessa diversifying the economic base include the establishment of the Center for Energy and Economic Diversification by the University of Texas of the Date Basin in Odessa and Permian high schools are widely known for their football prowess; Odessa High won the Texas state high school championship inand Permian High captured it in,and Higher educational needs are served by Odessa College, a two-year community college founded in under the guidance of Murry Fly, and by the University of Texas of the Permian Basin, which began classes in Medical care in the city is provided by Medical Center Hospital, a general hospital and teaching facility for Texas Tech Regional Academic Health Center's residency programs; Odessa Regional Hospital formerly Women's and Children's Hospitala medical facility handling obstetric, gynecologic, and pediatric patients; and the Permian Basin Rehabilitation Center for speech, hearing, and orthopedic therapy.
Since its origin Odessa has grown from a cattle-shipping point to an influential urban center. In the the area within the city limits was just only 4, acres and the population was 90, It has a council-manager form of government, with a mayor and five councilmen. Odessa is home to the only museum in the United States devoted exclusively to the office of the presidency dedicated in and to an authentic replica of Shakespeare's Globe Theatre, the Globe of the Great Southwestlocated on the Odessa College campus.
Odessa boasts the world's largest jackrabbit, whose temporary home is in front of the Ector County Independent School District administration building; the Meteor Crater at Odessaone of the nation's largest known craters; and the internationally famous Odessa Chamber of Commerce Chuck Wagon Gang, founded inwhich serves as a goodwill ambassador for Odessa. Thousands have enjoyed the barbecue served up by this group made up of business and professional men who donate their services.
The Permian Basin Oil Show is a biannual event staged at the Ector County Coliseum and features more than exhibitors of oilfield products. Robert L. The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry. Places: Communities.
Published by the Texas State Historical Association.